The Marina district in San Francisco.
After the earthquake of 1906,
the city wanted to demonstrate resilience.
The Panama Canal was getting ready to open and so they planned a huge “Panama Exposition” in celebration.
New York architect Bernard Maybeck had relocated to Berkeley in 1890, and he was retained to develop a grand pavilion that became known as the “Palace of Arts”.
Maybeck was inspired by 18th century Italian architect Giovanni Battista Piranesi, so he designed a $621,929 “ruin” that replicated Piranesi’s work.
His “Palace of Arts” was an instant hit but built only of wire, burlap and plaster.
It was never intended to endure.
Exposed to wind and water, by the mid 1960‘s it had become a ruin of a ruin.
So a “Save the Palace” committee was formed and a private donor arranged to have the entire thing torn down.
It was rebuilt in concrete as a replica to the first.
The replacement Palace reopened in the late 1960’s.
Years later in LA, Disneyland built their own version in another homage...
... becoming a replica of a replica,